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Buryat Language Facts and Information

Information About Buryat Language

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Extinct: no
Family: Altaic
Branch: Mongolian
Continent: Asia
Country: China
 
Region: MONGOLIA: Northeast, especially bordering Buryat ASSR. RUSSIA: Buryat-Mongol ASSR, east of Lake Baikal, Siberia, bordering on Mongolia. Ulan Ude is the capital. CHINA: Hulun-Buyr District of Inner Mongolia, near Russian (Siberian) and Mongolian borders.
Countries Where Spoken: MONGOLIA: 64,900 (1995), 2.5% of the population (1985 estimate). RUSSIA: 318,000 mother tongue speakers (90%) out of an ethnic population of 422,000 (1990 National Geographic). CHINA: 65,000 (1982 census), including 47,000 New Bargu, 14,000 Old Bargu, 4,500 Buriat.
Countries Where Official: China, Russia, Mongolia
   
Native Speakers: 447,900
Speakers Total: 487,500
  
Phrasebase members who speak Buriat at a native level: 0
Phrasebase members who speak Buriat at a conversational level: 0
Phrasebase members primary language they are trying to learn is Buriat: 0
Phrasebase members secondary language they are trying to learn is Buriat: 0
  
Three Letter Code: BXM
Alternative Names: BURYAT, BURIAT-MONGOLIAN, NORTHERN MONGOLIAN, MONGOLIAN BURIAT, BUR:AAD, BURYAT, BURIAT-MONGOLIAN, NORTHERN MONGOLIAN, BURYAT, BURIAT-MONGOLIAN, NORTHERN MONGOLIAN, NORTHEASTERN MONGOLIAN, BARGU BURIAT
Dialects:
 
Summary: MONGOLIA: Buriat in Mongolia is a variety of Khori, and differs considerably from Buriat of China and Russia. The language has been influenced by Standard (Halh) Mongolian. Halh Mongolian is used as a literary language. There are some books in Buriat. Not a literary language in Mongolia. Literacy rate in second language: High in Halh. Traditionally shamanist and Buddhist Lamaist; now largely atheist. RUSSIA: The Buriat in newspapers is that of the area around Irkutsk, west of Lake Baikal. The Buriat east of the lake is less influenced by Russian and is more like that in Mongolia. The literary dialect differs considerably from those spoken in Mongolia and China, which are influenced by other languages. Khori is the main dialect in Russia. Speakers in Russia apparently understand each other well. The younger generation in cities are fluent in Russian, which is the contact language with the outside world. Buriat is used with Buriat people. Heavily influenced by Russian. Literacy rate in second language: Those on both sides of the lake are fully literate in the literary style. Cyrillic. Newspapers. East: cattle, horse raisers; west: agriculturalists. Buddhist Lamaist (east), traditional religion (west). Bible 1846. CHINA: Officially included under Mongolian in China. Differs from Buriat of Mongolia and Russia because of influences from different languages. Lamaist Buddhist.
 

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