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Chin Language Facts and Information

Information About Chin Language

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Extinct: no
Family: Sino-Tibetan
Branch: Tibeto-Burman
Continent: Asia
Country: Myanmar
 
Region: ASHO: Irrawaddy River, lowlands. Not in China. Also spoken in Bangladesh. BAWM: Mizoram, Chhimtuipui, Lunglei, and Aizawl districts; Assam. Also spoken in Bangladesh, Myanmar. CHINBON: Kanpetlet, Yaw, Seidoutia, and Paletwa townships. DAAI: Matupi, Paletwa, Kanpetiet townships. FALAM: Falam District, Chin Hills. Also spoken in Bangladesh, India. HAKA: Chin Hills, Haka area. Also spoken in Bangladesh, India. KHUMI: Arakan Hills, Akyab area. Matu are in Southern Chin State, Matupi, Mindat, and Paletwa townships, western Myanmar. A few in India. Also spoken in Bangladesh, India. KHUMI AWA: Arakan Hills, coast areas. MARA: Assam, Lushai hills; Mizoram, southern. Also spoken in Myanmar. MRO: Rakhine State. Also spoken in Bangladesh. MÜN: Chin Hills, western. NGAWN: Chin Hills, Falam area. PAITE: Assam; Manipur, southern; Mizoram, Aizaw District, Champhai subdivision; Tripura. Also spoken in Myanmar. SENTHANG: Haka, Chin Hills. SIYIN: Chin Hills. TAWR: Falam, Haka, Chin Hills. TEDIM: Chin Hills, Upper Chindwin, Chin State, Tiddim area. Also spoken in India. THADO: Assam; Manipur, Tengnoupal District; Nagaland; Mizoram; Tripura. Also spoken in Myanmar. ZOTUNG: Chin Hills, Haka area.
Countries Where Spoken: ASHO: 10,000 in Myanmar (1991 UBS). Population total both countries 11,500 or more. Bangladesh. BAWM: Population total all countries 9,000 (1990 UBS). Bangladesh, Myanmar. CHINBON: 19,600 (1983 estimate). DAAI: 30,000 (1994 UBS). FALAM: 100,000 in Myanmar (1991 UBS), including 9,000 Tashon, 16,000 Zanniat, 7,000 Khualshim, 4,000 Lente, 14,400 Zahao 18,600 in Laizao (1983 estimate). Population total all countries 125,370 or more. Bangladesh, India. HAKA: 100,000 in Myanmar (1991 UBS), including 2,000 Zokhua, 60,100 Lai (1983 estimate). Population total all countries 445,000. KHUMI: 76,700 in Myanmar (1983 estimate) including 40,000 Matu Chin (1990 UBS). Population total all countries 78,000 or more. Bangladesh, India. KHUMI AWA: No estimate available. MARA: 22,000 in India (1997 IMA). Population total both countries 42,000. Myanmar. MRO: 100,000 to 200,000 in Myanmar (1999). Population total both countries 100,000 to 200,000. Bangladesh. MÜN: 30,000 (1991 UBS, 1990 E. Hang). NGAWN: 15,000 (1984). PAITE: 45,000 in India (1997 IMA). Population total both countries 53,900. SENTHANG: 18,200 (1983 estimate). SIYIN: 10,000 (1991 UBS). TAWR: 700 (D. Van Bik). TEDIM: 189,100 in Myanmar (1990 BAP). Population total both countries 344,100. India. THADO: 125,100 in India. Population total both countries 200,000 (1993 UBS). Myanmar. ZOTUNG: 40,000 (1990 UBS).
Countries Where Official: Myanmar, India
   
Native Speakers: 445,000
Speakers Total: 445,000
  
Phrasebase members who speak Chin at a native level: 0
Phrasebase members who speak Chin at a conversational level: 0
Phrasebase members primary language they are trying to learn is Chin: 0
Phrasebase members secondary language they are trying to learn is Chin: 0
  
Three Letter Code: CSH
Alternative Names: QIN, ASHO, ASHU, SHOA, SHO, KHYANG, KYANG, BAWM, BAWNG, BAWN, BOM, ÜTBÜ, CHINDWIN CHIN, SHO, CHINBON, DAAI, DAI, M"KAANG, HALLAM CHIN, HALAM, FALLAM, FALAM, HAKA, HAKHA, BAUNGSHE, KHUMI, KHAMI, KHWEYMI, KHIMI, KHUNI, MÜN, NG"MEN, CHO, YAWDWIN, MINDAT, "CH
Dialects:
 
Summary: ASHO: Closely related to Saingbaung Chin. Also related to Shendu and Chinbon. Lemyo, Thayetmo, Minbu, and Khyang may be separate languages. Speakers are quite bilingual in Burmese. SOV. NT 1954. BAWM: Regard themselves correctly as a subgroup of the Laizou (Anal) (Matisoff et al. 1996:8). Bilingualism in Lushai. A Scheduled Tribe in India. Bible 1989. CHINBON: About 50% lexical similarity with Asho Chin. Buddhist. DAAI: Sometimes called "Mün" or "Ütbü" ethnically, but those groups are linguistically distinct. They have in the past called themselves "Mün", "Ütbü", and "Khyo" (Hyo, Sho, Zo) for higher status. SOV. Tropical forest. Mountain slope. Swidden agriculturalists. 2,700 to 5,700 feet. NT 1996. FALAM: Chorei may be a separate language. An important language. SOV. Christian. Bible 1991. HAKA: Shonshe may be a separate language. Bible 1978. KHUMI: Bilingualism in Burmese. Khami and Ngala may be separate languages. SOV, genitives, articles, adjectives, numerals after noun heads. Literacy rate in second language: 60%. Tropical forest. Mountain slope. Peasant agriculturalists. 4,000 feet. Christian, traditional religion, Buddhist. NT 1959-1991. KHUMI AWA: The coastal dialect differs from the inland Khumi. SOV. Bible portions 1939. MARA: Close to Shendu. Reported to be affiliated with Lai (Haka Chin). A Scheduled Tribe in India. A subgroup of Mizo (Lushai). SOV. Roman script. Christian nearly. Bible 1956. MRO: About 13% lexical similarity with Mru [MRO] of Bangladesh and Myanmar. MÜN: Related to Daai Chin. "Chinbok", "Tsinbok", "Chinme", "Chinbe" are derogatory names for this group, and not separate languages. SOV. NT in press (1995). NGAWN: SOV. Bible portions 1951. PAITE: Related to Tedim Chin, Zomi. A Scheduled Tribe in India. Dictionary. Grammar. Roman script. Christian. Bible 1971. SENTHANG: A very different Chin language. SOV. SIYIN: Close to Paite Chin. SOV. NT 1995. TAWR: A completely distinct language. SOV. TEDIM: Other Chin languages or dialects of this area are Saizang, Teizang, Zo (Zome). Trade language of the Tiddim political subdivision. SOV. Bible 1983, in press (1996). THADO: Some of those listed as dialects are separate languages. A Scheduled Tribe in India. SOV. Christian mainly. Bible 1971-1994. ZOTUNG: Zotung is reported to be intelligible with Haka. Bible portions 1951.
 

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