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Dinka Language Facts and Information

Information About Dinka Language

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Dinka speakers in the Phrasebase community
 
Extinct: no
Family: Other
Branch: Nilo-Saharan
Continent: Africa
Country: Sudan
 
Region: NORTHEASTERN: Southern Sudan, northeast of the Sudd, along both sides of the White Nile, and along the Sobat River. NORTHWESTERN: Southern Sudan, north of the Bahr el Ghazal River, and southern Kordofan around Abyei. SOUTH CENTRAL: Southern Sudan, west of the Nile, south of the Sudd. Aker is southeast of the Agar; Aliap is south of the Bor in a few fishing villages mainly on the east bank of the Nile. Ciec is in Lakes District on the west bank of the Nile. Gok is between the Agar and the Rek in Jur River and Lakes districts. SOUTHEASTERN: Southern Sudan, east of the Nile, around Bor and northwards. SOUTHWESTERN: Southern Sudan, north and northwest of Wau.
Countries Where Spoken: NORTHEASTERN: 320,000 (1986 UBS) including 7,200 Abialang, 9,000 Dongjol, 2,500 Luac, 16,000 Ngok-Sobat, 20,000 Jok, 13,500 Ageer, 2,000 Rut, 400 Thoi. NORTHWESTERN: 80,000 Ruweng (1986). SOUTH CENTRAL: 250,000 including 2,000 Aker, 2,000 Thany, 22,000 Ciec, 25,000 Gok (Tucker and Bryan). (Total Dinka 2,000,000 or more. SOUTHEASTERN: 250,000 including 21,000 Atoc, 9,000 Ghol, 4,000 Nyarueng, 35,000 Twi, 21,000 Bor Gok (Tucker and Bryan). 500,000 including South Central (Agar) and Southeastern (Bor) (1982 UBS). SOUTHWESTERN: 450,000 (1982 UBS) including 55,000 Abiem, 15,000 Luac, 40,000 Malual, 17,000 Paliet, 35,000 Palioupiny, 50,000 Tuic.
Countries Where Official: Sudan
   
Native Speakers: 2,000,000
Speakers Total: 2,000,000
  
Phrasebase members who speak Dinka at a native level: 0
Phrasebase members who speak Dinka at a conversational level: 0
Phrasebase members primary language they are trying to learn is Dinka: 0
Phrasebase members secondary language they are trying to learn is Dinka: 0
  
Three Letter Code: DIP
Alternative Names: PADANG, WHITE NILE DINKA, AGAR, CENTRAL DINKA, BOR, EASTERN DINKA, REK, WESTERN DINKA
Dialects:
 
Summary: NORTHEASTERN: 92% lexical similarity with Northwestern Dinka, 88% with Southwestern Dinka, 88% with Southeastern Dinka, 86% with South Central Dinka. Bilingualism in Sudanese Arabic. "Jaang" is a cover term for all Dinka languages. Traditional religion, Christian, Muslim. NT 1952. NORTHWESTERN: A separate language from other Dinka (J. Duerksen SIL). 88% lexical similarity with Southwestern Dinka and Southeastern Dinka, 84% with South Central Dinka. SOUTH CENTRAL: Gok is also influenced by Southwestern Dinka and has a number of Arabic loans. Agar is becoming accepted as the educational standard for South Central Dinka. 90% with Southeastern Dinka. Bilingualism in Sudanese Arabic. Pastoralists, agriculturalists (grain, corn, peanuts, beans). Traditional religion, Christian, Muslim. Bible portions 1866-1916. SOUTHEASTERN: Sudanese Arabic is the second language. Speakers of some dialects also speak Nuer Gewaar and Nuer Lou. Traditional religion, Christian, Muslim. NT 1940. SOUTHWESTER: Luac dialect is different from Luac dialect in Northeastern Dinka. 89% lexical similarity with South Central Dinka, 90% with Southeastern Dinka. Bilingualism in Sudanese Arabic. Pastoralists: cattle. Traditional religion, Christian, Muslim.
 

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