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Enets Language Facts and Information

Information About Enets Language

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Enets speakers in the Phrasebase community
Extinct: no
Family: Uralic
Branch: Samoyed
Continent: Asia
Country: Russia
Region: Taimyr National Okrug. Along the Yenisei River"s lower course, upstream from Dudinka. The "Forest" dialect is in the Potapovo settlement of the Dudinka region, "Tundra" in the Vorontzovo settlement of the Ust-Yenisei region.
Countries Where Spoken: 90 speakers (1989 Juha Janhunen) out of an ethnic group of 200 (1990 census). 40 speakers in Forest Enets, 30 or fewer in Tundra Enets (1995 M. Krauss).
Countries Where Official: Russia
Native Speakers: 90
Speakers Total: 90
Phrasebase members who speak Enets at a native level: 0
Phrasebase members who speak Enets at a conversational level: 0
Phrasebase members primary language they are trying to learn is Enets: 0
Phrasebase members secondary language they are trying to learn is Enets: 0
Three Letter Code: ENE
Alternative Names: YENISEI SAMOYEDIC
Summary: Two "dialects" barely intelligible to each other"s speakers. It is transitional between Yura and Nganasan. For a time it was officially considered part of Nenets. All speakers are bilingual or trilingual. Youngest speakers are in their 30s or 40s. About half of the ethnic middle-aged speak Enets, but no children or adolescents. In summer they wander between the left bank of the Yenisei River and the Yenisei Gulf; in winter in the grove tundras between the left tributaries of the Yenisei and Pyasino Lake on the Kheta River on the Taimyr Peninsula . Russian and Nenets people also live in some settlements. Those who assimilate with the Nenets keep the traditional way of life, those with the Russians are acculturating to modern ways. Intermarriage with other ethnic groups is uncommon. Grammar. Taught in school.

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