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Farsi Language Facts and Information

Information About Farsi Language

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Farsi speakers in the Phrasebase community
Extinct: no
Family: Indo-European
Branch: Iranian
Continent: Asia
Country: Iran, Afghanistan
Region: Central and south central Iran. Various Dari dialects in Khorasan Province (Iran), and provinces of Herat, Hazarajat, Balkh, Ghor, Ghazni, Budaksham, Panjsher, and Galcha-Pamir Mountains and Kabul regions.
Countries Where Spoken: Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Canada, Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, India, Iraq, Israel, Netherlands, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Spain, Sweden, Tajikistan, Pakistan.
Countries Where Official: Iran, Afghanistan
Native Speakers: 0
Speakers Total: 0
Phrasebase members who speak Farsi at a native level: 1,517
Phrasebase members who speak Farsi at a conversational level: 1,517
Phrasebase members primary language they are trying to learn is Farsi: 1,845
Phrasebase members secondary language they are trying to learn is Farsi: 2,709
Three Letter Code: PES
Alternative Names: PERSIAN, PARSI, DARI
Summary: The literary language is virtually identical in Iran and Afghanistan, with very minor lexical differences. Zargari may be a dialect used by goldsmiths (also see Balkan Romani in Iran). Dialect shading into Dari in Afghanistan and Tajiki in Tajikistan. National language. Grammar. SOV. All schools use Farsi. Radio programs. Mainly Shi"a Muslim. Bible 1838-1995. Radio Afghanistan broadcasts are promoting a standardized pronunciation of the literary language which is based on the old dictional tradition of the country, with its archaic phonetic characteristics. Formal style is closer to Tehrani Persian (Farsi); informal style in some parts of Afghanistan is closer to Tajiki of Tajikistan. Phonological and lexical differences between Iran and Afghanistan cause little difficulty in comprehension. Most Afghan dialects are closer to literary Persian than Iranian dialects are to literary Persian. Zargari (Morghuli) is a secret language used among goldsmiths and perhaps others, based on a dialect of Persian. See also Balkan Romani in Iran. National language. Arabic script. Taught in schools. Radio programs. Sunni and Shi"a Muslim. 70 Jews (1980) speak the same dialect as Muslims. NT 1982-1985.

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