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Fula Language Facts and Information

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Extinct: no
Family: Niger-Congo
Branch: West Atlantic
Continent: Africa
Country: Niger
 
Region: Central and eastern Niger, from around Dogondoutchi on eastward to the Chad border.
Countries Where Spoken: 450,000 (1998).
Countries Where Official: Niger
   
Native Speakers: 450,000
Speakers Total: 450,000
  
Phrasebase members who speak Fulani at a native level: 0
Phrasebase members who speak Fulani at a conversational level: 0
Phrasebase members primary language they are trying to learn is Fulani: 0
Phrasebase members secondary language they are trying to learn is Fulani: 0
  
Three Letter Code: FUQ
Alternative Names: PEUL, PEULH, FULA, FULBE
Dialects:
 
Summary: Woodabe culture is distinct from other Fulfulde varieties. Many use Hausa as second language. The Fulbe (15,000,000) from Senegal to Sudan consider themselves to be one ethnic group and to speak one language, while acknowledging differences in speech. The people are "Pullo" (sing.) or "Fulbe" (pl.), the language "Fulfulde". The English name is "Fulani" and the French "Peul". Many loan words from Hausa. Investigation needed: attitudes. National language. SVO; prepositions and postpositions; genitives, articles, adjectives, numerals, relatives after noun heads; question word final; 1 prefix, 9 suffixes; word order distinguishes subjects, objects, indirect objects, given and new information, topic and comment; verb affixes mark number, subject (obligatory); class marking with participle obligatory; middle and passive voice; causatives; CV, CVC, CVV, CVVC; nontonal. Radio programs, TV. Muslim, traditional religion.
 

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