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Gondi Language Facts and Information

Information About Gondi Language

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Gondi speakers in the Phrasebase community
Extinct: no
Family: Dravidian
Branch: Central
Continent: Asia
Country: India
Region: NORTHERN: Madhya Pradesh, Betul, Chindwara, Seoni, Mandla, Balaghat districts; Maharashtra State, Amravati, Wardha, Nagpur, Bhandara, Yavatmal districts. SOUTHERN: Andhra Pradesh, Adilabad District; Maharashtra, southern Yavatmal, southern Chandrapur and southeastern Garhichiroli districts.
Countries Where Spoken: NORTHERN: 1,954,000 Betul (1997 BSI). 2,632,000 all Gondi (1997 IMA). SOUTHERN: 600,000 to 700,000 (1993).
Countries Where Official: India
Native Speakers: 1,954,000
Speakers Total: 2,632,000
Phrasebase members who speak Gondi at a native level: 0
Phrasebase members who speak Gondi at a conversational level: 0
Phrasebase members primary language they are trying to learn is Gondi: 0
Phrasebase members secondary language they are trying to learn is Gondi: 0
Three Letter Code: GON
Summary: NORTHERN: Inherent intelligibility between dialects 94% to 97%. Speakers tested in some other dialects understood Amravati 94% to 97%; Betul 83% to 96%, and Seoni 82% to 97%. 58% to 78% intelligibility of Southern Gondi. A separate language from Muria, Maria of Garhichiroli, Abujmaria, Dandami Maria, and Koya. Lexical similarity among "dialects" 58% to 90%. Some bilingualism in Hindi in Madhya Pradesh, and Marathi in Maharashtra, but proficiency is not very high. All ages. Positive attitude toward Gondi. The people are called "Gond." Investigation needed: intelligibility, bilingual proficiency in Hindi, Marathi. Literacy rate in first language: 1% to 5%. Literacy rate in second language: 25% to 50%. Forest. Agriculturalists, city dwellers. Traditional religion, Hindu. NT 1996. SOUTHERN: Sironcha is the dialect understood best by the others, with 90% to 98% intelligibility. 49% to 58% intelligibility of Northern Gondi. 64% to 90% lexical similarity among dialects. Speakers are called "Gond." Literacy rate in second language: 25% to 50%. Telugu script. Tropical forests, deforested agricultural lands. Plains, hills. Swidden agriculturalists, hunters, fishermen. Traditional religion, Hindu. Bible portions 1962.

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