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Mazatec Language Facts and Information

Information About Mazatec Language

Mazatec language topics and discussion
Mazatec speakers in the Phrasebase community
 
Extinct: no
Family: Other
Branch: Oto-Manguean
Continent: North America
Country: Mexico
 
Region: HUAUTLA: Northern Oaxaca, Huautla and vicinity. AYAUTLA: Oaxaca, southeastern Teotitlán District, San Bartolome Ayautla. IXCATLAN: Oaxaca, towns of Chichicazapa, Nuevo Ixcatlán, San Pedro Ixcatlán. JALAPA DE DIAZ: Northern Oaxaca and Veracruz, 13 towns. MAZATLAN: Oaxaca, southern Teotitlán District, Mazatlán Villa de Flores, plus 32 towns and villages, and others in D.F. SAN JERONIMO TECOATL: Oaxaca, San Jerónimo Tecóatl, San Lucas Zoquiapan, Santa Cruz Acatepec, San Antonio Eloxochitlán, San Pedro Ocopetatillo, San Lorenzo, Santa Ana municipios, and a few in Puebla. 12 towns. SOYALTEPEC: Oaxaca, northwestern Tuxtepec District, part of Soyaltepec Municipio, towns of Santa María Jacatepec and San Miguel Soyaltepec, Soyaltepec Island.
Countries Where Spoken: HUAUTLA: 72,000 including 27,000 (37.5%) monolinguals (1990 census). AYAUTLA: 3,500 speakers including 2,800 monolinguals, others somewhat bilingual (1994 SIL). IXCATLAN: 11,000 including 3,150 monolinguals (1990 census). JALAPA DE DIAZ: 15,500 including 4,600 monolinguals (1990 census). MAZATLAN: 13,000 including 2,200 monolinguals (1990 census). SAN JERONIMO TECOATL: 34,000 including 8,000 in Puebla (1990 census). SOYALTEPEC: 23,000 speakers in the Municipio, including 6,000 monolinguals (1990 census). However, the original Soyaltepec variety may only be 900 speakers, most of whom are monolingual.
Countries Where Official: Mexico
   
Native Speakers: 0
Speakers Total: 0
  
Phrasebase members who speak Mazateco at a native level: 0
Phrasebase members who speak Mazateco at a conversational level: 0
Phrasebase members primary language they are trying to learn is Mazateco: 0
Phrasebase members secondary language they are trying to learn is Mazateco: 0
  
Three Letter Code: MAU
Alternative Names: MAZATEC, MAZATECO, HUAUTLA DE JIMENEZ MAZATECO, HIGHLAND MAZATECO, SAN PEDRO IXCATLÁN MAZATECO, SAN FELIPE JALAPA DE DÍAZ MAZATECO, LOWLAND MAZATECO, MAZATLÁN VILLA DE FLORES MAZATECO, SAN JERÓNIMO MAZATECO, NORTHERN HIGHLAND MAZATECO, SAN MIGUEL SOYALTEP
Dialects:
 
Summary: HUAULTA: 90% intelligibility of San Jerónimo (closest, lower in outlying areas), 60% of Mazatlán, 35% of Jalapa. 94% lexical similarity with San Miguel, 93% with San Mateo, 80% with Soyaltepec, 78% with San Pedro Ixcatlán, 74% with Jalapa de Díaz. They use a whistle speech, which distinguishes tones of the spoken language, described by G. Cowan (1948, 1952). Dictionary. tonal, short words. NT 1961. AYAUTLA: 80% intelligibility of Huautla, 79% of San Miguel Hualtepec, 40% of Soyaltepec, 37% of Jalapa, 24% of Ixcatlán. All. All ages. A prestige variety. Children play in the language. There is a secondary school. People are interested in literature. There is a bilingual school. Agriculturalists: maize, beans, chile, coffee, vanilla. 2,000 feet. IXCATLAN: 76% intelligibility of Huautla (closest), 78% lexical similarity; 86% lexical similarity with San Mateo Eloxochitlán, 85% with San Miguel Hualtepec and Soyaltepec, 82% with Jalapa de Díaz. Most speakers use Spanish as second language. JALAPA DE DÍAZ: 73% intelligibility with Huautla (closest), 62% with Ixcatlán, 51% with Soyaltepec, 46% with San Jerónimo, 35% with Mazatlán. 82% lexical similarity with Ixcatlán, San Mateo Eloxochitlán, and San Miguel Hualtepec; 80% with Soyaltepec, 74% with Huautla. Bilingual level estimates for Spanish are 0 75%, 1-5 25%. VSO, tonal, short words, affixes, clitics. Literacy rate in first language: Below 1%. Literacy rate in second language: 5%. Tropical. Coastal, slope. Swidden, peasant. 150 meters. NT in press (1998). MAZATLAN: 80% intelligibility of San Jerónimo, 78% of Huautla, 16% of Jalapa de Díaz, 8% of Chiquihuitlán. A significant number of monolinguals are 5 to 9 years old. Over half the children do not know Spanish when entering school. Every village has a primary school, and some have secondary schools. Agriculturalists: maize, coffee, mango, zapote, banana. 4,000 feet. SAN JERONIMO TECOATL: 76% intelligibility of Huautla (closest), 26% of Jalapa. Bilingual level estimates for Spanish are 0 30%, 1 30%, 2 25%, 3 5%, 4 5%, 5 5%. VSO, tonal, nouns up to 2 syllables, verbs long, affixes, clitics. Mixed forest. Mountain slope. Peasant agriculturalists. 1,700 to 2,700 meters. Bible portions 1995-1999. SOYALTEPEC: 5% intelligibility of Chiquihuitlán. A separate language from other Mazateco. Bilingualism in Spanish. Description of phonology, tone, primers. A dam built in 1954, so this Municipio includes many speakers of other Mazateco varieties. Soyaltepec Island has the least mixture of dialects. A bilingual primary school and a secondary school on the Island. Agriculturalists: maize, beans, bananas, squash; fishermen; embroidery. less than 1000 feet.
 

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