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Micmac Language Facts and Information

Information About Micmac Language

Micmac language topics and discussion
Micmac speakers in the Phrasebase community
Extinct: no
Family: Native American
Branch: Algonquian
Continent: North America
Country: Canada
Region: Central and northern Nova Scotia. The mainland has 6 major villages: Afton, Picto, Truro, Shubanakati, Bear River, and Yarmouth, and some small communities; Cape Breton Island of Nova Scotia with 5 major villages: Memberto, Eskasoni, Chapel Island, Wakmatkug, and Waikoqomaq; and one small village: Prince Edward Island; the east coast of New Brunswick: Fort Folly, Big Cove, Indian Island, Burnt Church, Eel Ground, Red Bank, Pabino Falls, and Eel River Bar; and eastern Gaspe Peninsula, Quebec, with 3 villages: Gespe"q, Gesgapeqiaq, and Listuguj; and Newfoundland with 1 major village: Conn River. Also spoken in USA.
Countries Where Spoken: 7,310 mother tongue speakers (1998 Statistics Canada) out of 14,200 population in Canada (1998 SIL). In Canada, 1,500 are in mainland Nova Scotia, 4,000 on Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia, 800 on Prince Edward Island and Lennox Island, 4,550 on the east coast of New Brunswick, 3,150 on the Gaspe Peninsula, Quebec, 200 in Newfoundland. Population total both countries 8,500. USA.
Countries Where Official: Canada
Native Speakers: 8,500
Speakers Total: 8,500
Phrasebase members who speak Micmac at a native level: 0
Phrasebase members who speak Micmac at a conversational level: 0
Phrasebase members primary language they are trying to learn is Micmac: 0
Phrasebase members secondary language they are trying to learn is Micmac: 0
Three Letter Code: MIC
Summary: Speakers of Mi"gmaw (Restigouche) Quebec dialect have difficulty understanding other dialects. Bilingualism in English. Most adults speak Micmac. Many adults below 35 do not speak it. Younger ones may prefer English. Most children learn English first, but there is an effort in many communities to teach children Micmac. In some communities usage is more vigorous. Dictionary. Grammar. Literacy rate in first language: 1% to 5%. Literacy rate in second language: 50% to 75%. 3 major writing systems used in teaching and writing. NT 1874, in press (1999).

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