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Mongolain Language Facts and Information

Information About Mongolain Language

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Mongolain speakers in the Phrasebase community
Extinct: no
Family: Altaic
Branch: Mongolian
Continent: Asia
Country: Mongolia, China
Region: HALH: Buryat ASSR of Russia and Issyk-Kul Oblast of Kyrgyzstan. Also spoken in Kyrgyzstan, Russia (Asia), Taiwan. PERIPHERAL: Inner Mongolia, Liaoning, Jilin, and Heilongjiang provinces, Urumchi to Hailar. Also spoken in Mongolia. SIGN: None
Countries Where Spoken: HALH: 2,329,000 in Mongolia (1995), 89.7% of the population, including 32,300 Dariganga. Population total all countries 2,337,095. Russia. PERIPHERAL: 3,381,000 in China (1982). 2,500,000 are monolingual. Population includes 4,806,849 Buriat and Tuvin (1990 census). 299,000 Chakhar, 317,000 Bairin, 1,347,000 Khorain, 593,00 Karachin, 123,000 Ordos, 34,000 Ejine (1982 census). Mongolia. SIGN: Unknown number of users out of 10,000 to 147,330 deaf (1998).
Countries Where Official: Mongolia
Native Speakers: 2,329,000
Speakers Total: 2,337,095
Phrasebase members who speak Mongolian at a native level: 57
Phrasebase members who speak Mongolian at a conversational level: 57
Phrasebase members primary language they are trying to learn is Mongolian: 82
Phrasebase members secondary language they are trying to learn is Mongolian: 382
Three Letter Code: KHK
Summary: HALH: Ethnic Zahchin (Dzakhachin, Jakhachin 24,700 or 1.3%), Mingat (possibly 4,000; 1984), Bayad (Bayit, Bait, 39,900 or 2.1%), Oold (Oolet, Olot, 11,400 or .6%), are bilingual and in Halh Mongolian. National language. Ethnic Zahchin, Mingat, Bayad, Oold are literate in Halh. Cyrillic script. Traditionally pastoralists, now many industrialists. NT 1990. PERIPHERAL: Largely intelligible with Halh standard dialect of Mongolia, but there are phonological and important loan differences. Literacy rate in second language: 71%. Taught in primary and secondary schools. Standard Inner Mongolian script. Magazines. Newspapers. Radio programs. TV. Part of the Mongolian nationality. One of the five main official nationalities. The government includes Buriat, Tuvin, Oirat, and other varieties under the Mongolian official nationality. In Xinjiang, the Torgut, Oold, Korbet, and Hoshut peoples are known as the "Four tribes of Oirat". SOV. Mountain mesa, plains. Desert. Agriculturalists; pastoralists; animal husbandry. Buddhist (Lamaist), Shamanist. NT: 1952-2003. SIGN: Diffferent from Russian Sign Language and other sign languages.

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