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Provencial Language Facts and Information

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Provencial speakers in the Phrasebase community
Extinct: no
Family: Indo-European
Branch: Romance
Continent: Europe
Country: France
Region: Southeastern France, province of Provence, south of Dauphine, region of Nimes in Languedoc. Also spoken in Italy, Monaco.
Countries Where Spoken: 250,000 fluent speakers in France, 800,000 with some knowledge (1990 P. Blanchet). Population total all countries 354,500. Italy, Monaco.
Countries Where Official: France
Native Speakers: 354,500
Speakers Total: 354,500
Phrasebase members who speak Provencal at a native level: 0
Phrasebase members who speak Provencal at a conversational level: 0
Phrasebase members primary language they are trying to learn is Provencal: 0
Phrasebase members secondary language they are trying to learn is Provencal: 0
Three Letter Code: PRV
Summary: Gascon, Languedocien, and Limousin are structurally separate languages (F. Agard). Provençal and Languedocien (Occitan) are separate languages (P. Blanchet 1990). No Provençal variety is universally accepted as the standard literary form. Niçard and Northern Gavot (Valeien and Gapian) are more difficult for other dialect speakers to understand. Through increased contact in army and school, most speakers are actively bilingual in French. Literary French is sometimes difficult for speakers with less school education. Regional French has a lot of Provençal influence. Most speakers are over 50 years old. There is regional pride and increasing status as a literary language. Strong demand for teaching in school and books in Provençal. Attitudes are strong and differ about how different the Oc varieties are from each other. The Nobel Prize laureate Frederic Mistal wrote in Provençal. Two orthographies in use: Ron and Toulousse. Bible portions 1824-1975.

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