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Romanian Language Facts and Information

Information About Romanian Language

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Romanian speakers in the Phrasebase community
Extinct: no
Family: Indo-European
Branch: Romance
Continent: Europe
Country: Romania
Region: Moldavian is in Moldova to the northeast, and Muntenian in Muntenia, or Wallachia in the southeast, other dialects in the north and west, including much of Transylvania. Also spoken in Australia, Azerbaijan, Canada, Finland, Hungary, Israel, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Russia (Europe), Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, USA, Uzbekistan, Yugoslavia. ISTRO: Northeast Istrian Peninsula, Zejane village and a few villages to the south. MEGLENO: Meglen region, north of Salonika. MACEDO: Northwest Salonika, and northern Greece, Pindus Mts., around Trikala. Also spoken in Albania, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Macedonia, Romania, Yugoslavia.
Countries Where Spoken: ROMANIAN: 20,520,000 in Romania, 90% of the population (1986). Population total all countries 26,000,000 (1999 WA). Hungary, Israel, Moldova, Ukraine, Yugoslavia. ISTRO: 555 to 1,500 (1994 T. Salminen). MACEDO: 200,000 in Greece (1995 Greek Monitor of Human and Minority Rights 1.3 Dec. 1995), out of possibly 700,000 in the ethnic group (Association of French Aromanians). Population total all countries 260,000 to 378,000. Albania, Bulgaria, Macedonia, Yugoslative. MEGLENO: 12,000 (1995).
Countries Where Official: Romania, Croatia, Greece
Native Speakers: 26,000,000
Speakers Total: 26,000,000
Phrasebase members who speak Romanian at a native level: 3,492
Phrasebase members who speak Romanian at a conversational level: 3,492
Phrasebase members primary language they are trying to learn is Romanian: 3,663
Phrasebase members secondary language they are trying to learn is Romanian: 4,412
Three Letter Code: RUM
Summary: ROMANIAN: Romanian has 77% lexical similarity with Italian, 75% with French, 74% with Sardinian, 73% with Catalan, 72% with Portuguese and Rheto-Romance, 71% with Spanish. The Bayash are Gypsies who have lost their language and now speak Romanian based on the Banat dialect with Romani and Hungarian influences. National language. Grammar. SVO. Deciduous forest. Mountain slope. Peasant agriculturalists, other. Christian. Bible 1688-1989. ISTRO: Structurally a separate language from Romanian (F.B. Agard). Split from the other 3 Romanian languages between 500 and 1000 A.D. Not the same as the Istriot language. Few children speakers. MACEDO: Structurally a distinct language from Romanian (F. Agard). It split from the other 3 Rumanian languages between 500 and 1000 A.D. Many dialects. Bilingualism in Greek. People over 50 are fluent in Aromanian, many between 25 to 50 are passive speakers with limited knowledge of vocabulary and grammar. Some younger ones know the language. Rapid assimilation to Greek culture; children attend Greek schools. 20% live traditionally. No legal status in Greece. Not taught in school except for one course at the University of Salonica. Some revival of the culture in progress since the 1980s. "Armini" refers to the people. Roman or Greek alphabet used. Traditionally shepherds and woodworkers. Christian. Bible portions 1881-1889. MEGLENO: Structurally a distinct language from Romanian, Macedo Romanian, and Istro Romanian (F. Agard). The 4 Romanian languages split between 500 and 1000 A.D.

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