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Salar Language Facts and Information

Information About Salar Language

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Salar speakers in the Phrasebase community
Extinct: no
Family: Altaic
Branch: Turkik
Continent: Asia
Country: China
Region: Xunhua Salar Autonomous County and Hualong Hui Autonomous County in Qinghai Province, Jishishan Autonomous County in Gansu Province, and Yining in Xinjiang.
Countries Where Spoken: 60,000 (2002). Under 20,000 monolinguals. Ethnic population: 113,000.
Countries Where Official: China
Native Speakers: 60,000
Speakers Total: 113,000
Phrasebase members who speak Salar at a native level: 0
Phrasebase members who speak Salar at a conversational level: 0
Phrasebase members primary language they are trying to learn is Salar: 0
Phrasebase members secondary language they are trying to learn is Salar: 0
Three Letter Code: SLR
Alternative Names: SALA
Summary: Reinhard F. Hahn says Salar is spoken by descendants of an Oghuz-Turkic-speaking sub-tribe that, in the 15th century area of Samarkand, split off a main tribe and "returned eastward", eventually settling in Western China. Their language has an Oghuz Turkic base, has taken on a medieval Chaghatay Turkic stratum through Central Asian contacts and finally acquired a stratum of features from local languages. The people use Chinese as literary language. Bilingualism is reported high in Chinese, Uyghur, and Tibetan. An official nationality. SOV. Literacy rate in second language: 27%. Agriculturalists, animal husbandry, commerce. Sunni Muslim.

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