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Senufo Language Facts and Information

Information About Senufo Language

Senufo language topics and discussion
Senufo speakers in the Phrasebase community
 
Extinct: no
Family: Niger-Congo
Branch: Voltaic
Continent: Africa
Country: Cote d"Ivoire, Mali, Burkina Faso,
 
Region: CEBAARA: Northern, around Korhogo. DJIMINI: Dabakala Department, northwest corner. NANERIGE: Northern 2/3 of Kenedougou Province, from Djigouera and north. NYARAFOLO: Northeast around Ferkessedougou. PALAKA: Central Department, area around Sikolo, north of Djimini. SENARA: Southwest Burkina Faso, Leraba Province. SHEMPIRE: North of Tingrela. SICITE: Kenedougou Province, Tagouara Plateau, Koloko and Ouelan prefectures, west of Bobo-Dioulasso, to the Mali border. Also spoken in Cte d"Ivoire, Mali. SUPYIRE: At Sikasso. SYENARA: South of the Duun language area. TAGWANA: Central Department, north central area, west of Djimini.
Countries Where Spoken: CEBAARA: 862,000 (1993 SIL). MAMARA: 500,000 to 900,000 (1999 SIL). DJIMINI: 95,500 (1993 SIL). NANERIGE: 50,000 (1985 census). NYARAFOLO: 42,000 (1995 SIL). PALAKA: 8,000 (1995 SIL). SENARA: 50,000 (1995 SIL). SHEMPIRE: 100,000 (1996). SICITE: 35,000 (1999 SIL). Population total all countries 35,000. Mali. SUPYIRE: 364,000 (1991). SYENARA: 136,500 (1991 Vanderaa). TAGWANA: 138,100 (1993 SIL).
Countries Where Official: Cote d"Ivoire, Mali, Burkina Faso
   
Native Speakers: 35,000
Speakers Total: 35,000
  
Phrasebase members who speak Senoufo at a native level: 0
Phrasebase members who speak Senoufo at a conversational level: 0
Phrasebase members primary language they are trying to learn is Senoufo: 0
Phrasebase members secondary language they are trying to learn is Senoufo: 0
  
Three Letter Code: SEF
Alternative Names: SENADI, SENARI, SYENERE, TIEBAARA, TYEBALA, MINIYANKA, MINYA, MIANKA, MINIANKA, MAMARA, TUPIIRE, DYIMINI, DJIMINI, JINMINI, NANDERGe, NANERGe, NANERGUe, NANDEREKE, NAANI, NYARAFOLO-NIAFOLO, PALARA, PALAKA, KPALAGHA, PALLAKHA, PILARA, SeNOUFO, NIANGOLO, S
Dialects:
 
Summary: CEBAARA: Korhogo dialect is central. The Kulele speak the Kulere dialect scattered throughout the Senoufo area. Bilingualism in Jula. The Tyelibele (Tyeliri) are leather workers scattered throughout the Senoufo area, speaking the various Senoufo languages where they live as mother tongue. Literacy rate in first language: 1% to 5%. Literacy rate in second language: 5% to 15%. Tyeliri: leather workers, Kulere: wood carvers. Traditional religion, Muslim, Christian. NT 1982-1995. MAMARA: Close to Supyire Senoufo, but intercomprehension is difficult. Bilingualism in Bambara. Their name for themselves is "Bamana", but this is different from the Bambara dialect called " Bamana." National language. Grammar. Traditional religion, Muslim, Christian. Bible portions 1967-1975. DJIMINI: Singala is the prestige dialect of Dabakala. 76% to 81% lexical similarity with Tagwana. Bilingualism in Djoula. Literacy rate in first language: Below 1%. Literacy rate in second language: 5% to 15%. Muslim, Christian, traditional religion, other. NT 1993. NANERIGE: Some intelligibility with Tagba. No significant dialects or subgroups. Most men speak Jula for trade and contact with non-Senoufo, though not all speak it in the home or village. Most women speak minimal Jula and seldom use it. French is spoken only by those who have been to school, but is not used in the home or village. All ages. "Nanerige" is the name of the people. Investigation needed: intelligibility with Mali dialects. Literacy rate in second language: Some in Jula or French. Savannah. Plains. Peasant agriculturalists. Traditional religion, Muslim, Christian. NYARAFOLO: Literacy rate in first language: Below 1%. Literacy rate in second language: 5% to 15%. Traditional religion, Muslim. PALAKA: 65% to 70% lexical similarity with other Senufo languages and dialects. Literacy rate in first language: Below 1%. Literacy rate in second language: 5% to 15%. Traditional religion, Muslim. SENARA: Intelligibility testing with Cebaara varies from 51% in Konadougou to 71% in Niankorodougou; with Pomoro of Mali varies from 42% in Konadougou to 74% in Niankorodougou. All ages. Traditional religion, Muslim. SHEMPIRE: 3 or 4 dialects. Relationship to Supyire Senoufo in Mali is undetermined. Literacy rate in first language: 0%. Literacy rate in second language: Below 5%. SICITE: Difficult intelligibility with Nanerige. Bilingual level estimates for Jula are 0 5%, 1 13%, 2 55%, 3 12%, 4 9%, 5 6%. Most adults know enough Jula to meet routine social needs and discuss most common topics, but it is used only with strangers, as in the market. Those who have been to school use French only if a stranger does not know Jula. All ages. They call their language "Senoufo Scte", themselves "Scijuub" (pl.), or "Scijuunge" (sg.), and their region "Tagba". "Tagba" is used by outsiders for them. Little intermarriage with others in the southern area. SOV, postpositions, genitives before nouns, articles, adjectives, numerals after nouns, question word initial, 1 prefix, 2 suffixes, word order distinguishes subjects, objects, indirect objects; CV, CVV; 3 tones. Literacy rate in first language: A few. Literacy rate in second language: 20% Jula or French. Radio programs. Scrub forest, gallery forest. Plateau, interfluvial. Swidden agriculturalists. Traditional religion, Muslim, Christian. Bible portions 1995. SUPYIRE: Traditional religion, Muslim. Bible portions 1979-1998. SYENARA: Investigation needed: intelligibility with Senoufo. Traditional religion, Muslim. TAGWANA: 76% to 81% lexical similarity with Djimini dialects. Literacy rate in first language: Below 1%. Literacy rate in second language: 15% to 25%. Christian, Muslim, traditional religion, other. NT 1987.
 

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