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Tzotzil Language Facts and Information

Information About Tzotzil Language

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Tzotzil speakers in the Phrasebase community
 
Extinct: no
Family: Other
Branch: Mayan
Continent: North America
Country: Mexico
 
Region: CH"ENALHO: Chenalhó region, Chiapas. CHAMULA: West central Chiapas, San Juan Chamula, Huitiupan, Simojovel, San Juan del Bosque, San Cristóbal Las Casas, Bochil, Pueblo Nuevo Solistahuacan, Ocozocoautla, Ixtapa (Nibak), Jitotol, Teopisca, Amatan, Ishuatan. HUIXTAN: Huixtán region, Chiapas. SAN ANDRES LARRAINZAR: West central Chiapas. VENUSTIANO CARRANZA: Central Chiapas, Venustiano Carranza Municipio, towns of Venustiano Carranza, El Puerto, and El Paraiso de Grijalva. ZINACANTÁN: West central Chiapas.
Countries Where Spoken: CH"ENALHO: 35,000 (1990 census). CHAMULA: 130,000 (1990 census). Speakers of all Tzotzil languages: 265,000 (1990 census). HUIXTAN: 20,000 (1990 census). SAN ANDRES LARRAINZAR: 50,000 (1990 census). VENUSTIANO CARRANZA: 4,226 speakers including 58 monolinguals (1990 census). 60,000 in the ethnic group. ZINACANTÁN: 25,000 (1990 census).
Countries Where Official: Mexico
   
Native Speakers: 265,000
Speakers Total: 265,000
  
Phrasebase members who speak Tzotzil at a native level: 0
Phrasebase members who speak Tzotzil at a conversational level: 0
Phrasebase members primary language they are trying to learn is Tzotzil: 0
Phrasebase members secondary language they are trying to learn is Tzotzil: 0
  
Three Letter Code: TZE
Alternative Names: CHENALÓ, CHAMULA, HUIXTECO, SAN ANDReS TZOTZIL, SAN BARTOLOMe VENUSTIANO CARRANZA TZOTZIL, ZINACANTECO TZOTZIL
Dialects:
 
Summary: CH"ENALHO: Partially intelligible with San Andres Larrainzar Chamula. Bilingual level estimates for Spanish are 0 95%, 1 1%, 2 1%, 3 2%, 4 .5%, 5 0%. Nontonal, SVO or VOS, short and long words, affixes. Scrub forest. Mountain slope. Swidden agriculturalists. Bible in press (1998). CHAMULA: NT 1979-1988. HUIXTAN: Bilingual level estimates for Spanish are 0 98%, 1 .5%, 2 .5%, 3 .5%, 4 .3%, 5 .2%. SVO, VOS, nontonal, short words, affixes. Pine forest. Mountain slope. Sedentary pastoralists, swidden agriculturalists. 2,185 meters. NT 1975-1995. SAN ANDRES LARRAINZAR: Dictionary. Pine forest. Mountain slope, plains. Swidden agriculturalists. 1,500 to 3,000 meters. NT 1983. VENUSTIANO CARRANZA: 66% intelligibility of Chenalhó Tzotzil, 65% of Zinacantán, 57% of Chamula, 56% of Huixtán. Spanish proficiency is limited. Primary schools and a secondary school. Agriculturalists: maize, beans; fishermen. 1,500 feet. ZINACANTÁN: Bilingual level estimates for Spanish are 0 94%, 1 3%, 2 2%, 3 1%, 4 0%, 5 0%. SVO or VOS, short and long words, affixes, nontonal. Scrub forest. Mountain slope. Pastoralists, swidden agriculturalists. NT 1987.
 

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